Blessed Virgin Mary of Loreto: the complete story

The Shrine ofHoly Houseis located in Loreto (AN): it is a popular place of pilgrimage where Catholics venerate theVirgin of Loreto        

It is the most important Marian sanctuary in Italy; inside is kept theHoly Houseof Nazareth where, according to devotional tradition, the Virgin Mary received the Annunciation.

The Blessed John Paul II(Karol Józef Wojtyła, 1978-2005), referring to theHoly House di Loreto, fece la seguente riflessione :

«The Loretano is an admirable sanctuary. The thirty-year experience of sharing that Jesus had with Mary and Joseph is inscribed in it. Through this human and divine mystery, the history of all men is inscribed in the house of Nazareth, since every man is linked to a "house", where he is born, works, rests, meets others and the story of every man is marked in a particular way by a house: the house of his childhood, of his first steps in life.

And it is eloquent and important for everyone that this unique and singular Man, who is the only-begotten Son of God, also wanted to link his story to a house, that of Nazareth, which according to the Gospel account, hosted Jesus of Nazareth along the entire span of his childhood, adolescence and youth, that is, of his mysterious human maturation [...]. The house of the Son of man is therefore the universal house of all the adopted children of God. The story of every man, in a certain sense, passes through that house[...]."

There "House of the Madonna” era formata da tre pareti addossate ad una grotta scavata nella roccia (che si trova nella Basilica dell’Annunciazione a Nazaret). La tradizione popolare racconta che nella notte tra il 9 ed il 10 dicembre del 1294 le pietre della casa di Nazaret vennero trasportate in volo dagli angeli. In realtà, alcuni studi, e dei documenti ritrovati, hanno confermato che il trasporto avvenne per mare su navi crociate.

In fact, after the expulsion of Christians from the Holy Land by the Muslims, a member of the Angeli family, rulers of Epirus (region of north-western Greece), took an interest in saving the Holy House from certain ruin, which was, therefore, transported first to Tersatto (today's Croatia), in 1291, and then to Loreto on 10 December 1294.

From the beginning of the fourteenth century it was already a pilgrimage destination also for those who, taking the coastal road, were directed to S. Michele al Gargano or to the Holy Land; the flow in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries became enormous up to induce, in 1520, Pope Leo X to equate the vow of the pilgrims of the Sanctuary of Loreto to that of Jerusalem which, gradually, Loreto had already replaced in the peaks of the great penitential pilgrimages, which they saw Rome, Santiago de Compostela, Jerusalem.

Starting from the 15th century, the striking prodigy of the translation of the Holy House also attracted the pilgrimage of kings and queens, princes, cardinals and popes, who left gifts or votive offerings for graces received; they were later joined by leaders, poets, writers, inventors, founders of religious orders, philosophers, artists and over 200 future saints and blesseds.

The studies carried out on the stones of the Holy House confirm their Palestinian origin, they are worked according to the technique used by the Nabataeans, a people bordering on the Jews, also widely used in Palestine. On the stones there are numerous graffiti similar to the Judeo-Christian ones of the II-V century found in the Holy Land, in particular in Nazareth. The sanctuary was built to protect theHoly House, on the initiative of the bishop of Recanati Nicolò delle Aste, in 1469 and was concluded in 1587.

Inside theHoly Housethere is the statue of the Virgin of Loreto, carved on the wood of a cedar from Lebanon in the Vatican Gardens, which replaces that of the century. XIV which was destroyed in a fire that broke out inHoly Housein 1921. It was sculpted by Pope Pius XI (1922-1939) who in 1922 crowned it in the Vatican and had it solemnly transported to Loreto. It was modeled by Enrico Quattrini and executed and painted by Leopoldo Celani. Since the sixteenth century she is covered with a mantle, said"dalmatic".

Over 50 popes have gone on pilgrimage to Loreto and their devotion has always been great. The Popes Pius II (1458-1464) and Paul II (1464-1471) turned to the Virgin to miraculously recover from their serious illnesses.

Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922), in consideration of the translation of theHoly House, from Palestine to Loreto, proclaimed her the patroness of aviators.

Finally, we must remember the“Lauretan Litanies”which from the twelfth century have become a real oration to the Virgin, centered on the titles that have been bestowed on her in every age, even with biblical references. The“Lauretan Litanies”replaced in Christendom, the denominated ones“Venetian”(in use in the basilica of S. Marco and originating in Aquileia) and those"deprecatory"(i.e. of supplication, originating in Germany).

Blessed Virgin Mary of Loreto
Virgin of Loretto

 LAURETAN LITANIES

Signore, pietà
Christ, have mercy
Signore, pietà.
Christ, hear us.
Christ, hear us.

Heavenly Father, who art God,
Have mercy on us.

Son, Redeemer of the world, who are God,
Holy Spirit, who are God,
Holy Trinity, one God,

Saint Mary,
pray for us.
Holy Mother of God,
Holy Virgin of virgins,
Mother of Christ,
Mother of the Church,
Mother of divine grace,

most pure mother,
most chaste mother,
ever virgin mother,
immaculate mother,
Mother worthy of love,
admirable mother,
Mother of good advice,
Mother of the Creator,
Mother of the Savior,
mother of mercy,

Most prudent Virgin,
Virgin worthy of honor,
Virgin worthy of praise,
mighty virgin,
merciful virgin,
faithful virgin,
Mirror of divine holiness,
Seat of Wisdom,
Cause of our gladness,
Temple of the Holy Spirit,
Tabernacle of eternal glory,

Dwelling entirely consecrated to God,
mystical rose,
tower of david,
Ivory tower,
golden house,
ark of the covenant,
gate of heaven,
Morning Star,
health of the sick,
Refuge of sinners,
consoler of the afflicted,

Help of Christians,
Queen of Angels,
Queen of Patriarchs,
Queen of Prophets,
Queen of the Apostles,
Queen of Martyrs,
Queen of true Christians,
Queen of Virgins,
Queen of all saints,
Queen conceived without original sin,
Queen assumed into heaven,
Queen of the Holy Rosary,
queen of the family,
Queen of peace.

Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world,
perdonaci, o Signore.

Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world,
ascoltaci, o Signore.

Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world,
have mercy on us.

Pray for us, Holy Mother of God.
And we will be worthy of Christ's promises.

Let's pray.
Grant to your faithful,
Signore Dio nostro, 
to always enjoy the health of body and spirit,
for the glorious intercession
of Mary most holy, ever virgin,
save us from the evils that now sadden us
and lead us to endless joy.

Per Cristo nostro Signore. 
Amen.

Ultimo aggiornamento: 10 Dicembre 2022 17:38 by Remigius Robert

Avatar of Remigio Ruberto

Hi, I'm Remigio Ruberto, father of Eugenio. The love that binds me to Eugenio is timeless and spaceless.

Leave a comment