Read the story of St. Andrew the Apostle

Martyr. Celebrated on November 30th

Andrew (in Greek Ανδρέας), named, according to the Orthodox traditionProtocletosor theFirst called. Indeed, it is deduced from the Gospel of John who, in addition to saying that Andrew is the first to follow Jesus, gives other details: «One of the two who had heard the words of Giovanni (Battista) and followed him was Andrea, brother of Simon Peter.

He first met his brother Simon, and said to him:"We have found the Messiah (meaning the Christ)"and led him to Jesus. Jesus, fixing his gaze on him, said:"You are Simon, the son of John; your name will be Cephas (which means Peter)”. The next day Jesus had decided to leave for Galilee; he met Philip and said to him: “follow me”. Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. » (Jn 1,40-44)

Andrew was therefore born in Bethsaida on 6 BC but his name, like other Greek names, was almost certainly not the original name of this apostle since, in the Jewish or Judaic tradition, the name Andrew appears only from the II-III century.

Andrea and his older brother Pietro were fishermen: «Passing along the sea of ​​Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew, Simon's brother, as they were throwing their nets into the sea; they were in fact fishermen. Jesus said to them:"Follow me, I will make you fishers of men".And immediately, leaving the nets, they followed him.»(Mk 1:16-18)

In the Gospels Andrew is indicated to be present on many important occasions as one of Jesus' closest disciples:

«While he was sitting on the Mount of Olives, in front of the temple, Peter, James, John and Andrew questioned him on the sidelines..» (Mk 13:3);

«One of the disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to him:“Here is a boy who has five barley loaves and two fish; but what is this for so many people?”». (Jn 6,8-9);

«Philip went and told Andrew, and then Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus.Jesus replied:"The time has come for the Son of man to be glorified” »(Jn 12:22-23).

In the Acts of the Apostles, however, Andrew is mentioned marginally, like other apostles, moreover: "Entering the city they went up to the upper floor where they lived. There were Peter and John, James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matteo, James of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealous e Down from of James.”(Acts 1:13).

The historian Eusebius of Cesarea (ca. 265-340) recalls, in his "Origins”, that Andrew preaches the Gospel in Asia Minor and Southern Russia. Then, having passed to Greece, he leads the Christians of Patras. Here, on 30 November 60, he was martyred by crucifixion: according to tradition, he was hung upside down with ropes from a cross in the shape of an X; the one later called "St. Andrew's cross".

In 357 his remains were taken to Constantinople but the head, except for a fragment, remained in Patras. In 1206, during the occupation of Constantinople (fourth crusade) the papal legate Cardinal Capuano, of Amalfi, transferred those relics to Italy; in 1208 the inhabitants of Amalfi solemnly welcome them in the crypt of their Cathedral.

When the Turks invade Greece in 1460, the head of the Apostle is brought from Patras to Rome where it will be kept in St. Peter's for five centuries until Blessed Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini, 1963-1978), in 1964, had the relic returned to the Church of Patras of which St. Andrew is the patron.

All the other known relics attributed to St. Andrew are located in some fundamental points of his veneration: in the Cathedral of St. Andrew in Amalfi, St. Mary's Cathedral, Edinburgh, Scotland, and the Church of St. Andrew and St. Albert, Warsaw, Poland. Another place where the relics of the Saint are kept is theCicco Casinolocated in S. Apollinare (Frosinone).

St. Andrew is also Patron Saint in Scotland, Russia, Prussia, Romania, Greece, Amalfi and Luqa (Malta).

The feast of St. Andrew is remembered on November 30 in the churches of the East and West and is a national holiday in Scotland on whose flag appears, moreover, the "St Andrew's cross".

Meaning of the name Andrea: “manly, vigorous” (Greek).

For further information, read the Catechesis of Pope Benedict XVI: Andrew, the Protoclete

Saint Andrew the Apostle

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Ultimo aggiornamento: 14 Novembre 2022 14:51 by Remigius Robert

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Hi, I'm Remigio Ruberto, father of Eugenio. The love that binds me to Eugenio is timeless and spaceless.

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